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Settles, Conches, and Chairs of the Stuart period

The "long settle" and "scrawled chair" were two other kinds of seats in use from the time of Charles I. to that of James II. The illustrations are taken from authenticated specimens in the collection of Mr. Dalton, of Scarborough. They are most probably of Yorkshire manufacture, about the middle of the seventeenth century. The ornament in the panel of the back of the chair is inlaid with box or ash, stained to a greenish black to represent green ebony, and with a few small pieces of rich red wood then in great favour. Mr. G. T. Robinson, to whose article mentioned above we are indebted for the description, says that this wood was "probably brought by some buccaneer from the West." He also mentions another chair of the Stuart period, which formed a table, and subsequently became the property of Theodore Hook, who carefully preserved its pedigree. It was purchased by its late owner, Mr. Godwin, editor of "The Builder."

Another chair to which there is an historical interest attached is that in which Charles I. sat during his trial; this was exhibited in the Stuart Exhibition in London in 1889. The illustration Chair used by King Charles I. during his trial. is taken from a print in "The Illustrated London News" of the time.

In addition to the chairs of oak, carved, inlaid, and plain, which were in some cases rendered more comfortable by having cushions tied to the backs and seats, the upholstered chair, which we have seen had been brought from Venice in the early part of the reign of James I., now came into general use. Few have survived, but there are still to be seen in pictures of the period, chairs represented as covered with crimson velvet, studded with brass nails, the seat being trimmed with fringe, similar to that at Knole.

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