Royal Furniture
  Ancient furniture
  The Middle Ages
  The Renaissance
  Jacobean Furniture
  Eastern Furniture
  Rooms & Decoration
    Styles and Periods
    Norman and Gothic
    Tudor Gothic Period
    Elizabethan Period
    Early Jacobean Period
    Panelling, from T. to eJ.
    Doors, from T. to eJ.
      Examples of Doors
    Ceilings, from T. to eJ.
    Fireplaces, from T. to eJ.
    Staircases, from T. to eJ.
    Design from 1620 to 1800
    Late Jacobean period
    Inigo Jones period
    Wren period
    Early Georgian period
    Late Georgian period
    Doors, from lJ. to G.
    Fireplaces, from lJ. to G.
    Panelling, from lJ. to G.
    Ceilings, from lJ. to G.
    Staircases, from lJ. to G.
  French furniture
  Laura Ashley Furniture
  Outdoor Furniture

Doors and Doorways, from Tudor to Jacobean

During the Gothic periods, when utilitarian considerations were the all-important factors in the treatment of rooms, no special attention was given to the doors.

These were usually made in the form of vertical boards of oak secured together with ledges, or a framework on one side only, and were either rectangular in shape or had the typical Gothic-shaped heading. The jambs and lintel were either of stone or timber, according to the position of the door. Examples of doorways with the plain shaped heading are those at Great Dixter (The Hall at Great Dixter, Sussex). Another example of a similar type of door is that at A, Examples of Doors, in which the spandrils formed by the shaped heading are carved with leaf work. Long strap hinges were the type commonly used to hang the doors.

In rooms, the walls of which were panelled, the door often formed part of the scheme of panelling, and in some cases was almost indistinguishable. B in Examples of Doors shows a Tudor Gothic door, which really forms a part of the panelling. The doorway at C, Characteristic types of panelling, Tudor Gothic, is also a replica of the panelling.

When, during the Elizabethan period, the long stretches of panelling were broken up at intervals by pilasters, as described in the chapter on panelling, it became customary to place a pilaster at either side of the door. In consequence the door began to receive more individual treatment. An example of the use of pilasters flanking a doorway is shown at Lyme Park (Lyme park, Cheshire). A doorway of the late Elizabethan period is illustrated at C, Examples of Doors, and shows the use of the arcaded panel. The pilasters are carved with strap work, and have Ionic capitals. A feature reminiscent of the Tudor Gothic period is the use of the linenfold panel in the pedestals.

D in Examples of Doors shows an early Jacobean doorway in which the moulding of the architrave is stopped near the bottom in the traditional Gothic style.

Elaborate Elizabethan doorways were used in large mansions and in important positions such as the entrances to halls. The simple panelled door, often with a quite plain architrave, was used for the lesser doorways.

Another form in vogue throughout the Tudor Gothic, Elizabethan, and Jacobean periods was the internal porch described in the chapter on the Elizabethan Period, and an example of this type of lobby is given in The Lobby in a Bedroom at Sizergh Castle, Westmorland.

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